Covers energy sources and the history of energy usage. Examines alternative energy sources and their feasibility. Identifies current energy usage patterns and places where energy can be conserved. Explains how to recognize energy waste, and includes sample corrective actions. Explains how to conduct an energy survey.
Lesson 1 - Energy and its Source
Energy; Fossil fuels; Nuclear power; Solar energy; Wind; Hydroelectric power; Evaluating energy sources; Measuring energy
– Define energy and list several potential energy sources
– Explain how fossil fuels developed and how they are extracted from the earth.
– Explain, in simple terms, how uranium produces energy.
– List at least one advantage and one disadvantage of each of the following: oil, natural gas, coal, solar power, wind energy, and hydroelectric
– Tell how heat and temperature are measured (what units).
Lesson 2 - Why the Energy Crisis
History of energy use; Fossil fuel reserves; Alternative and synthetic fuels; Gas and oil from coal; Nuclear fuels; Geothermal energy; Biomass
– Define the fossil fuel age and list the energy sources that made it possible.
– Name some of the factors that contributed to the greatly increased use of fossil fuels in the past century.
– Describe the outlook for fossil fuel availability in the next century.
– Give examples of current efforts to develop alternative sources of oil and gas.
– Identify potential sources of future energy and describe their present limitations.
Lesson 3 - Energy Consumption and Loss
Using fuel to generate electricity; Energy loss; Effects of climate on energy use; Degree-days; Cost of saving energy; ROI and payback period
– Tell why generating electricity is an inefficient use of energy and what characteristics of electricity justifies this inefficiency.
– Compare energy use in the three categories of energy consumers.
– Explain degree-days and how they are used?
– State why a building's HVAC system is a good place to start looking for potential energy savings.
– Tell how to calculate the payback period of an energy conservation plan.
Lesson 4 - Practical Conservation Measures
Recognizing and correcting energy waste in buildings, mechanical, and electrical systems; Energy conservation examples
– Recognize energy waste conditions in building structures.
– Name at least three factors that affect boiler and furnace efficiency.
– Give examples of energy waste in a building's mechanical system and how it might be eliminated.
– Explain peak demand and why it is important in electricity costs.
– Tell how computer monitoring and control can be used to save energy and lower utility costs.
Lesson 5 - Conducting an Energy Audit
Audit tools; Sample energy audit; Fuel usage information; Building, equipment data; Conservation opportunities
– Name and describe the six segments of a detailed energy audit.
– Define a mini-audit and tell when it might be used.
– List the tools required for an energy survey of any building.
– Record the data necessary to make up an energy audit.
– Explain the procedure for assigning priorities to energy-saving projects.